Published 23rd November 2015


As a TEFL teacher, you will find that planning your EFL lessons is half of your job. Whether you are teaching a grammar lesson or a skills lessons, it is necessary to think carefully about the best way to present the language and content to your EFL students.

Traditionally, on TEFL courses you are taught to plan and execute your lessons according to the Presentation, Practice and Production – or PPP – methodology. There is nothing wrong with this way of carrying out an EFL lesson, but there are other ways to go about it. The different ways of constructing a TEFL lesson plan are all similar in some respects, so it actually isn’t necessary to follow any one method, but instead you can create your own path through the lesson, as long as there are clear aims and these are achieved.

Even if you let yourself step back from a specific methodology, writing a lesson plan can seem simple, but it is actually very easy to become overwhelmed. There are an endless number of ways to carry out an English lesson and it can take discipline and careful thought to choose from all the different options.

So here’s an easy way to plan an EFL lesson, using just three simple steps.

1) Pre-task

Whatever the focus of the lesson may be, there needs to be an opportunity to introduce the context. This allows your students to become involved in the topic while at the same time tuning their brains in to the fact that they are about to learn English. This does not necessarily have to relate to the language in focus, but rather on the topic relating to the language point.

2) Task

Now’s the time to do the task. If you are doing a grammar lesson, focus on the relevant context and use the time to look at language form and function. If you are doing a skills lesson, bring in the relevant text needed and spend time on clarification and other questions.

3) Post-task response

Once the language matters have been dealt with, it’s important for the students to be able to respond to the task in an authentic and genuine way. This brings us full-circle back to the beginning of the lesson where students started thinking about the context, and now the students must respond in a personal way to the topic.

In this way, by following a very simple three-step process you have planned a solid lesson. Though you may not be focussing on one particular EFL methodology, you are still incorporating the ideas behind them. At the same time you have given yourself a clear task so that you will be able to plan lessons like this quickly and easily. You will find that this lesson plan template is flexible and can be used for many different lessons, so it will help cut down on your lesson planning.