Common Problems for Polish Learners of English
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Learning English is not easy for any learner, no matter what their first language is. It takes hours and hours of exposure and practice to be able to speak English to any level of proficiency. There is added difficulty from a learner’s first language. Of course, if a learner’s first language is similar to the target language then this will help the learner – this is known as transfer. However, often aspects of the first language can lead to errors in producing English – this is known as interference.
For Polish learners of English there are certain differences between the two languages which can cause problems:
Polish speakers can make mistakes when it comes to constructing conditional sentences, as a result of direct translation from Polish.
For example, If I will see him, I’ll tell him versus If I see him, I’ll tell him.
Polish speakers might not invert the word order in questions.
For example, How long you are in Poland? Versus How long have you been in Poland?
This brings us to our next problem. There are no perfect tenses in Polish, so Polish speakers will use the past simple or present simple instead of using the present perfect.
Polish does not have any articles, which means Polish speakers will often leave them out when speaking English.
Polish also does not have a contrast between countable and uncountable nouns. Consequently, Polish speakers may speak about advices, informations or furnitures.
Surprisingly, there are quite a few words in Polish which are similar to English, but there are also quite a few which look and sound similar but which have different meanings. These are known as false friends. Common false friends which cause confusion are:
- Ewentualnie means possibly, not eventually
- Aktualny means current not actually
- Fabryka means factory, not fabric
- Sympatyczny means friendly, not sympathetic
There are a few sounds which cause difficulties for Polish speakers in English. This is because these sounds don’t exist in Polish. These include:
- /Ɵ/ as in Thursday
- /ƞ/ as in sing
- /r/ as in rubbish
- /ɜ:/ as in girl
As you can see, learning English is not as straightforward as learning a new language. A learner will need to ignore the interference from their first language so as to avoid making these mistakes. As a teacher, you can help your learners by anticipating these problems and utilising exercises which can help your learners identify and overcome these errors.
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LAST UPDATED: 19th July 2022
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If you think any of the above situations apply, we may ask you for an explanation and further information to verify this.
Right to object to processing
You have the right to object to the ELEARNING FUTURES LTD processing your personal data in the following circumstances:
Personal information used for direct marketing
If we are using your personal information to send you direct marketing, you have the right to object at any time. If you exercise this right, we will stop processing your personal information for direct marketing purposes. However, we may keep your information on a “suppression list” to ensure your information is not added to any marketing lists at some point in the future.
Automated decision making and profiling
- ‘Profiling’ is the automated use of personal data held on a computer to analyse or predict things that have a legal effect, or other similarly significant effects, on the individual. Examples would include economic situation, health, personal preferences or interests and location. You have the right not to be subject to a solely automated decision (that is, a decision made electronically, with no human intervention), and this may include profiling (although there is no general right to object to profiling). If you are concerned the ELEARNING FUTURES LTD has made a solely automated decision about you, you can object.
- Please note, ELEARNING FUTURES LTD is allowed to carry out automated decisions with no human intervention where you have given your explicit consent to this processing (although you have the right to withdraw your consent).
- We are also permitted to make automated decisions with no human intervention in the following circumstances:
- The automated decision is necessary to enter into, or perform a contract, or complete a contract involving you and the ELEARNING FUTURES LTD.
- The automated decision is allowed under a law passed at the European Union level, or at the level of the European Union or EEA member state level (i.e., is allowed under national law). The law will provide safeguards to protect your rights and freedoms.
However, you still have a general right to object in both of the above circumstances, providing reasons why you think the processing is having a negative effect on you. If you do object, we will carefully consider your reasons, and decide whether to review the decision-making process in your specific case.
Right to data portability
- If you have provided your information to ELEARNING FUTURES LTD, you have the right to request and receive a copy of that information in a structured, commonly used and machine-readable format.
- You also have the right to ask us to send the information we hold about you to another organisation.
- There are some situations in which the right to data portability does not apply. For further information, please contact us.
Exercising your rights concerning the processing of your personal information
If you wish to exercise any of the above rights concerning the way in which we process your personal information, please contact:
Risk Management Team
ELEARNING FUTURES LTD,
21-22 Old Steine,
Email: [email protected]
Your right to complain to a national data protection regulator (data protection supervisory authority)
- If you think we have processed your personal information unfairly or unlawfully, or we have not complied with your rights under GDPR, you have the right to complain to a national data protection regulator.
- Complaints about how we process your personal information can be considered by the data protection regulator.