ERROR CORRECTION IN EFL SPEAKING
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The one goal of all our EFL learners is to speak English effectively, appropriately and, preferably, without errors. This is why, over the years, there has been a lot of focus on error correction in the classroom and how and when it should be done, with the result that error correction during speaking is now an integral part of our EFL lessons.
But are we sure that error correction actually works?
There are a number of arguments these days that error correction during speaking is intrusive and disturbing and will cause our learners to feel shy to speak up, afraid to make a mistake. The last thing we want to do is make our learners lose confidence so perhaps we should let them make mistakes and stay out of it?
Thankfully for us, whenever we have questions regarding EFL or our classroom practices, there always seems to be someone who has had the same question before us and who has had the time to do research on it, which is the case with error correction.
The research clearly shows that error correction is useful and it improves fluency, accuracy and communication. Studies have even shown that learners who received error correction learnt a language point better than those who did not. However, a necessary factor affecting the usefulness of error correction is whether or not the learner notices the correction; error correction needs to be explicit in order for it to be effective.
What’s more, the argument about the confidence-damaging effects of error correction are largely unfounded. In general, learners understand the reason for error correction and appreciate it. As their ideal is perfect language, they know they need to go through a process of error correction to get there.
So how can you incorporate error correction in speaking in our EFL lessons?
Be smart about it. You obviously don’t want to interrupt someone mid-sentence every time they make a mistake but if you choose your interruptions it can be a very effective way of drawing your learners’ attention to their mistakes.
Be sensitive too. Students may appreciate error correction but you may still find students can be a bit sensitive at the time they are corrected, so make sure you correct in a polite and gentle manner.
Lastly, make sure that they are aware of the error correction – what the error is and what the correction is – or the effectiveness will be lost.
If you are not convinced your students will appreciate error correction during their speaking activities: ask them. You might be surprised by how they feel.
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Name of course Duration Combined Level 5 TEFL Course 6 months Online Level 5 TEFL Course 6 months Online Level 3 TEFL Course 6 months 10hr Online Teaching Practice Course 10 hours Top-up courses 6 weeks Observed Teaching Practice Course 2 years
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- Native speakers of English will typically be above the minimum standard of English for this course.
- Non-native speakers should have an English level of C1 (Advanced), as a minimum to commence the course.
Students may test their English level here: https://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/content.
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LAST UPDATED: 19th July 2022
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- You can require us to restrict processing in the following circumstances:
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- We are processing your personal data unlawfully and you do not want us to delete the information but restrict it instead.
- We no longer need the information for the purposes for which we collected it, but they are needed by you for the establishment, exercise or defence of legal claims.
- You have objected to the processing (see below), and we need to decide whether the legitimate grounds we have to process the information override your legitimate interests.
Processing you think is unlawful
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Processing of personal information you think is inaccurate
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Right to erasure of personal data (“the right to be forgotten”)
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- The processing is based on consent – if you have previously given your consent to ELEARNING FUTURES LTD collecting and processing your personal information, and you notify us that you withdraw your consent. Please note: withdrawing your consent does not mean the processing of your personal data which occurred before the withdrawal was unlawful.
- We are processing your personal information for direct marketing purposes, and you want us to stop.
- If you think ELEARNING FUTURES LTD has processed your personal information unlawfully.
If you think any of the above situations apply, we may ask you for an explanation and further information to verify this.
Right to object to processing
You have the right to object to the ELEARNING FUTURES LTD processing your personal data in the following circumstances:
Personal information used for direct marketing
If we are using your personal information to send you direct marketing, you have the right to object at any time. If you exercise this right, we will stop processing your personal information for direct marketing purposes. However, we may keep your information on a “suppression list” to ensure your information is not added to any marketing lists at some point in the future.
Automated decision making and profiling
- ‘Profiling’ is the automated use of personal data held on a computer to analyse or predict things that have a legal effect, or other similarly significant effects, on the individual. Examples would include economic situation, health, personal preferences or interests and location. You have the right not to be subject to a solely automated decision (that is, a decision made electronically, with no human intervention), and this may include profiling (although there is no general right to object to profiling). If you are concerned the ELEARNING FUTURES LTD has made a solely automated decision about you, you can object.
- Please note, ELEARNING FUTURES LTD is allowed to carry out automated decisions with no human intervention where you have given your explicit consent to this processing (although you have the right to withdraw your consent).
- We are also permitted to make automated decisions with no human intervention in the following circumstances:
- The automated decision is necessary to enter into, or perform a contract, or complete a contract involving you and the ELEARNING FUTURES LTD.
- The automated decision is allowed under a law passed at the European Union level, or at the level of the European Union or EEA member state level (i.e., is allowed under national law). The law will provide safeguards to protect your rights and freedoms.
However, you still have a general right to object in both of the above circumstances, providing reasons why you think the processing is having a negative effect on you. If you do object, we will carefully consider your reasons, and decide whether to review the decision-making process in your specific case.
Right to data portability
- If you have provided your information to ELEARNING FUTURES LTD, you have the right to request and receive a copy of that information in a structured, commonly used and machine-readable format.
- You also have the right to ask us to send the information we hold about you to another organisation.
- There are some situations in which the right to data portability does not apply. For further information, please contact us.
Exercising your rights concerning the processing of your personal information
If you wish to exercise any of the above rights concerning the way in which we process your personal information, please contact:
Risk Management Team
ELEARNING FUTURES LTD,
21-22 Old Steine,
Email: [email protected]
Your right to complain to a national data protection regulator (data protection supervisory authority)
- If you think we have processed your personal information unfairly or unlawfully, or we have not complied with your rights under GDPR, you have the right to complain to a national data protection regulator.
- Complaints about how we process your personal information can be considered by the data protection regulator.