USING WORD CLINES IN THE EFL CLASSROOM
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We all know that learning vocabulary is a challenge for our learners for so many reasons. The sheer number of words that need to be learnt is probably the biggest hurdle but then it gets more complicated when you realise that many of the same words have different meanings (fair skin vs fair weather) and many different words have the same or similar meanings (shouted vs yelled). Add to that level of formality and conventions of usage and it’s no wonder our learners can feel a bit demoralised sometimes!
As teachers, it is our duty to try and come up with ways to make learning vocabulary easier for our learners. We can do this by conveying meaning through a number of different methods; using pictures or images is one such way. Using pictures when teaching vocabulary makes sense because it allows direct access to meaning for the learner without resorting to explanation or translation. It minimises the chances of misunderstanding and is a quick and easy way to present new language.
All of this you probably know.
But here we’d like to introduce you to a way of using a visual aid to teaching vocabulary that you might not be familiar with and that should prove useful in the EFL classroom: word clines.
A word cline is a sequence of words whose meanings exist along a continuum. It can be used by learners to distinguish between shades of meaning for words with similar meaning. It effectively allows learners to build on their current knowledge of words by adding in new words to their existing meaning structure and conceptualise these words in relation to other words.
For example, if you are teaching words to describe temperature you can use a cline to demonstrate the range of words we use in a way which makes the meaning immediately clear. You can start by drawing a line on the board and eliciting temperature words from your students, such as cold, warm, hot.
cold warm hot
You then introduce the new vocabulary you would like to teach and let the students decide where they should fit on the cline. This should result in a cline which looks like this:
freezing cold chilly cool warm hot boiling
As you can see, just by drawing a simple line the different shades of meaning of the words becomes much clearer.
Temperature is just example of words which can be grouped in such a way, so the next time you find yourself wondering how to explain the difference between irritated, angry and furious, try drawing a word cline and see if that helps clarify things.
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Right to object to processing
You have the right to object to the ELEARNING FUTURES LTD processing your personal data in the following circumstances:
Personal information used for direct marketing
If we are using your personal information to send you direct marketing, you have the right to object at any time. If you exercise this right, we will stop processing your personal information for direct marketing purposes. However, we may keep your information on a “suppression list” to ensure your information is not added to any marketing lists at some point in the future.
Automated decision making and profiling
- ‘Profiling’ is the automated use of personal data held on a computer to analyse or predict things that have a legal effect, or other similarly significant effects, on the individual. Examples would include economic situation, health, personal preferences or interests and location. You have the right not to be subject to a solely automated decision (that is, a decision made electronically, with no human intervention), and this may include profiling (although there is no general right to object to profiling). If you are concerned the ELEARNING FUTURES LTD has made a solely automated decision about you, you can object.
- Please note, ELEARNING FUTURES LTD is allowed to carry out automated decisions with no human intervention where you have given your explicit consent to this processing (although you have the right to withdraw your consent).
- We are also permitted to make automated decisions with no human intervention in the following circumstances:
- The automated decision is necessary to enter into, or perform a contract, or complete a contract involving you and the ELEARNING FUTURES LTD.
- The automated decision is allowed under a law passed at the European Union level, or at the level of the European Union or EEA member state level (i.e., is allowed under national law). The law will provide safeguards to protect your rights and freedoms.
However, you still have a general right to object in both of the above circumstances, providing reasons why you think the processing is having a negative effect on you. If you do object, we will carefully consider your reasons, and decide whether to review the decision-making process in your specific case.
Right to data portability
- If you have provided your information to ELEARNING FUTURES LTD, you have the right to request and receive a copy of that information in a structured, commonly used and machine-readable format.
- You also have the right to ask us to send the information we hold about you to another organisation.
- There are some situations in which the right to data portability does not apply. For further information, please contact us.
Exercising your rights concerning the processing of your personal information
If you wish to exercise any of the above rights concerning the way in which we process your personal information, please contact:
Risk Management Team
ELEARNING FUTURES LTD,
21-22 Old Steine,
Email: [email protected]
Your right to complain to a national data protection regulator (data protection supervisory authority)
- If you think we have processed your personal information unfairly or unlawfully, or we have not complied with your rights under GDPR, you have the right to complain to a national data protection regulator.
- Complaints about how we process your personal information can be considered by the data protection regulator.