What is Guided Discovery and How Can We Use It in the EFL Classroom?
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Guided Discovery – We’ve said it before and we’ll say it again: teaching English as a Foreign Language is not the same as teaching in a mainstream school. Teaching any other subject is different to being an EFL teacher. If you think back to the way you were taught in school, understand that your EFL lessons will be totally different. You might even be relieved to know this is the case – no doubt you have memories of at least one teacher who was boring as!
So, how is being an EFL teacher different?
What you WON’T do as an EFL teacher:
- Stand at the whiteboard all lesson
- Ask all the questions
- Answer all the questions
- Talk all the time
- Tell your students to be quiet
What you WILL do as an EFL teacher:
- Walk around the classroom during the lesson
- Allow your students to use the whiteboard
- Give your students space to ask the questions – and answer the questions
- Speak as little as possible so your students can speak as much as possible
- Encourage your students to talk
Can you see the difference?
We’re not saying that the teaching methods and techniques we use in our classrooms are any better than traditional methods but we will say that our methods and techniques are very effective in teaching English as a Foreign Language. Many people have years of foreign language lessons at school but graduate without knowing more than the basics. EFL lessons, in contrast, seem to be much more successful. This is largely due to the communicative nature of our EFL lessons, as well as the level of autonomy we give our students. This is reflected in the methods we use to teach, which are essentially what makes our lessons so different.
One major technique that we use in our classrooms is that of guided discovery.
What is guided discovery?
Guided discovery, also known as the inductive approach, is a technique where a teacher provides examples of a language item and helps the learners to find the rules themselves.
As you can see, this is very different to traditional teaching approaches. Instead of standing at the board telling the students about a particular grammar point or vocabulary item, the teacher leads the students to “discover” the meaning, rules and usage patterns themselves.
Of course, while the students are given the space and independence to figure things out for themselves, there is still the element of guidance – hence “guided” discovery. If we were to leave our students to clarify everything for themselves, we may as well not be there! This introduces one of the many roles of EFL teachers, that of guide rather than dictator. But how does it actually work in practice?
How does guided discovery work?
The first step is exposing the students to the language item in question. This is usually done by introducing the students to a text. This could be a written or spoken text. The language may be highlighted in the text or not, depending on the level of the students and the difficulty of the language. The teacher will then ask the students questions in order to help them understand the language fully.
These will be questions regarding the structure of the language item, the meaning and the usage. The students can then consider the questions and discuss them with a partner before the teacher elicits answers and provides clarification. The teacher will also use concept checking questions to make sure the students understand the concept fully. The practice activities will further demonstrate the students’ level of understanding to the teacher, so they will know what needs to be dealt with in more detail.
Why does guided discovery work?
It is argued that the major reason guided discovery works is that it is memorable. For the same reason our Maths teachers made us do endless calculations and our Science teachers made us do the experiments ourselves, the theory is that if you do something yourself rather than just being told about it, you will remember it better.
Furthermore, working collaboratively is another way to solidify knowledge. In EFL classrooms we spend a lot of time manipulating situations so that our students need to talk to each other to solve a problem. This helps them think out loud and troubleshoot the issue with their classmates.
Finally, the crux of guided discovery is that it is student-centred. The students drive the lesson. How the lesson progresses depends on the students and their comprehension – which is how it should be. As teachers, one of our main jobs is to make sure our lessons are aimed at the right level for our students. This is the level of difficulty one step up from our students’ capabilities, otherwise known as the zone of proximal development.
The zone of proximal development is the difference between what a learner can do independently and what they can do with help and guidance. This is the optimal zone for learning to take place. If a language structure is too far out of a learner’s zone of proximal development, the learner won’t be able to learn and will become frustrated and demotivated. If a language structure is too easy, the lesson will be a waste of time and again the learner will become frustrated and demotivated. Our EFL lessons strive to teach language in the zone of proximal development and provide the scaffolding necessary for learning to take place.
Read more: The Zone of Proximal Development and Scaffolding
What’s more, if we spoon-feed our students we are not totally aware of whether or not the language is too easy or too difficult for the students. However, if we let them lead, we can see what they understand and what they need more help with by the questions they ask. If we realise that they already know the particular language you can easily move onto something more suitable. Alternatively, if you see the language is too difficult, you can step in more to scaffold for them.
Read more: How Can I Make My Classroom More Learner-Centred?
Even though guided discovery is just one of many teaching methods and techniques which we utiliise in the EFL classroom, it is one of the fundamental ways we make sure our lessons are engaging, communicative and effective.
Do you use guided discovery in the classroom? Let us know in the comments!
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Rights concerning the processing of your personal information
- Right to restrict processing of personal information
- In some situations, you have the right to require us to restrict the processing of your personal information. We may restrict your personal information by temporarily moving the information to another processing system, making the information unavailable to users, or temporarily removing published information from a website. We may also use technical methods to ensure the personal information is not subject to further processing and cannot be changed. When we have restricted processing of personal information, this will be clearly indicated on our systems.
- You can require us to restrict processing in the following circumstances:
- You are concerned that the information we hold about you is inaccurate. You can ask us to restrict the information until we can determine whether the information is accurate or inaccurate.
- We are processing your personal data unlawfully and you do not want us to delete the information but restrict it instead.
- We no longer need the information for the purposes for which we collected it, but they are needed by you for the establishment, exercise or defence of legal claims.
- You have objected to the processing (see below), and we need to decide whether the legitimate grounds we have to process the information override your legitimate interests.
Processing you think is unlawful
- If you tell us that you think we are processing your personal information unlawfully, but you do not want the information to be erased, you have the right to require us to restrict the processing of that information.
- We will ask you for an explanation about why you think the processing is unlawful, and may also ask that you provide evidence to support this view.
Processing of personal information you think is inaccurate
- You can tell us if you think the personal information we are processing about you is factually inaccurate. You can require us to restrict how we use your personal information until we can verify the accuracy of the information. We will ask you for an explanation about why you think the information is inaccurate, and may also ask that you provide some supporting evidence of the alleged inaccuracy.
- If we find that the personal information we are processing about you is inaccurate, we will take appropriate steps to correct the information.
Personal information is no longer needed by ELEARNING FUTURES LTD but needed by you in connection with a legal claim
- In most circumstances, we will securely delete or dispose of personal information when we no longer need it for our legitimate business purposes. Our approach to retention is outlined in our corporate retention schedules.
- However, if the personal information we no longer need would assist you in establishing, exercising or defending a legal claim, you can require us to keep the information for as long as necessary. We may ask you to provide an explanation and any available supporting evidence that a legal claim is ongoing or contemplated.
Right to erasure of personal data (“the right to be forgotten”)
In the following circumstances, you have the right to require that ELEARNING FUTURES LTD securely deletes or destroys your personal information:
- If the personal information we hold about you is no longer necessary for the purposes for which we originally collected it.
- The processing is based on consent – if you have previously given your consent to ELEARNING FUTURES LTD collecting and processing your personal information, and you notify us that you withdraw your consent. Please note: withdrawing your consent does not mean the processing of your personal data which occurred before the withdrawal was unlawful.
- We are processing your personal information for direct marketing purposes, and you want us to stop.
- If you think ELEARNING FUTURES LTD has processed your personal information unlawfully.
If you think any of the above situations apply, we may ask you for an explanation and further information to verify this.
Right to object to processing
You have the right to object to the ELEARNING FUTURES LTD processing your personal data in the following circumstances:
Personal information used for direct marketing
If we are using your personal information to send you direct marketing, you have the right to object at any time. If you exercise this right, we will stop processing your personal information for direct marketing purposes. However, we may keep your information on a “suppression list” to ensure your information is not added to any marketing lists at some point in the future.
Automated decision making and profiling
- ‘Profiling’ is the automated use of personal data held on a computer to analyse or predict things that have a legal effect, or other similarly significant effects, on the individual. Examples would include economic situation, health, personal preferences or interests and location. You have the right not to be subject to a solely automated decision (that is, a decision made electronically, with no human intervention), and this may include profiling (although there is no general right to object to profiling). If you are concerned the ELEARNING FUTURES LTD has made a solely automated decision about you, you can object.
- Please note, ELEARNING FUTURES LTD is allowed to carry out automated decisions with no human intervention where you have given your explicit consent to this processing (although you have the right to withdraw your consent).
- We are also permitted to make automated decisions with no human intervention in the following circumstances:
- The automated decision is necessary to enter into, or perform a contract, or complete a contract involving you and the ELEARNING FUTURES LTD.
- The automated decision is allowed under a law passed at the European Union level, or at the level of the European Union or EEA member state level (i.e., is allowed under national law). The law will provide safeguards to protect your rights and freedoms.
However, you still have a general right to object in both of the above circumstances, providing reasons why you think the processing is having a negative effect on you. If you do object, we will carefully consider your reasons, and decide whether to review the decision-making process in your specific case.
Right to data portability
- If you have provided your information to ELEARNING FUTURES LTD, you have the right to request and receive a copy of that information in a structured, commonly used and machine-readable format.
- You also have the right to ask us to send the information we hold about you to another organisation.
- There are some situations in which the right to data portability does not apply. For further information, please contact us.
Exercising your rights concerning the processing of your personal information
If you wish to exercise any of the above rights concerning the way in which we process your personal information, please contact:
Risk Management Team
ELEARNING FUTURES LTD,
21-22 Old Steine,
Email: [email protected]
Your right to complain to a national data protection regulator (data protection supervisory authority)
- If you think we have processed your personal information unfairly or unlawfully, or we have not complied with your rights under GDPR, you have the right to complain to a national data protection regulator.
- Complaints about how we process your personal information can be considered by the data protection regulator.