CEFR: Common European Framework of Reference for Languages. This is the language benchmark scheme that was set up by the Council of Europe: it is recognised and used throughout Europe and in other parts of the world.
CEFR examination benchmarks: A1 – “Breakthrough or beginner”; A2 – “Way stage or elementary”; B1 – “Threshold or intermediate”; B2 – “Vantage or upper intermediate”; C1 – “Effective Operational Proficiency or advanced”; C2 – “Mastery or proficiency”. These letters are shown on language examination certificates issued by the various educational organisations.
EFL: English as a foreign language. This is the descriptive term for studying English as a foreign language.
ELL: English language learner. This is an EFL student.
ELT: English language teaching or training.
ESL: English as a second language. This is an alternative initialism to EFL.
ESP: English for specific/special purposes. ELLs learn how to communicate in English in a special field or profession, e.g. science, engineering, medicine, business, etc.
ESOL: English for speakers of other languages. This is English taught to non speakers of English.
IELTS: The International English Language Testing Service. This is an EFL examination required for the purpose of entry into higher educational institutions: it is administered by the British Council. https://ielts.britishcouncil.org/
IELTS examination benchmarks: 0 – Did not attempt the test; 1 – Non User; 2 – Intermittent User; 3 – Extremely Limited User; 4 – Limited User; 5 – Modest user; 6 – Competent User; 7 – Good User; 8 – Very Good User; 9 – Expert User.
TEFL: Teaching English as a foreign language. This is a generic acronym for EFL teacher training courses.
TESL: Teaching English as a second language. This is another acronym for TEFL.
TESOL: Teaching English to speakers of other languages. This is the activity of teaching EFL.
TOEFL: Test of English as a foreign fanguage. This is the international examination that is required for %countryname% university entrance.
UCLES: The University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate. This is the EFL examination organisation of the University of Cambridge.
UCLES principal examinations:
A1 – YLE – Young Learners English
A2 – KET – Key English Test
B1 – PET – Preliminary English Test
B2 – FCE – First Certificate in English
C2 – CAE – Certificate of Advanced English
C1 – CPE – Certificate of Proficiency in English