Common Mistakes for Japanese Learners of English
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One of the most important skills of a TEFL teacher is to identify the errors that your students make and help them deal with them. Mistakes are an integral part of learning and our students are bound to make them. As a teacher, it is up to you to identify the errors your students are making, help them understand the effect of those errors and try to eliminate them from their productions. What is even more helpful is if you can predict the mistakes your students are going to make so you can plan for them. If you think this sounds like an impossible task, don’t worry – we’re here to help. We know generalisations are usually frowned upon, but it IS possible to predict the mistakes your learners are going to make based on their first language. Here we look at some common mistakes for Japanese learners of English.
Japanese speakers are likely to get the /r/ and /l/ sounds mixed up. In other words, they will pronounce rice as lice and will have huge problems saying really. This is because Japanese speakers can’t tell the difference between the two sounds. Japanese doesn’t have a /l/ sound and the /r/ sound is different to that we have in English. To help them out, give them practise with minimal pairs to help them with this error.
Japanese has a tradition of borrowing words from other languages, especially when it comes to food. This is why you might see a hamba-ga and aisu kurimu on a restaurant menu! These words are not only borrowed from English but from other languages as well. The problem comes in when Japanese speakers assume the borrowed words are English and so use them as English words, such as arubaito – the Japanese word for a part-time job, from the German word for work, arbeit.
Your Japanese students will probably also mistake countable and uncountable nouns. Japanese uses one word for both much and many, so you can understand why they might produce There was much books or I have many water.
Japanese may have its fair share of idioms, but the sheer number of idioms in English means that they can be confusing for English language learners. What’s more, Japanese learners place a lot of emphasis on sounding natural, but that can be difficult if you confuse your idioms.
Articles cause problems for many learners of English. It’s even trickier for Japanese learners because Japanese doesn’t have articles. As a result, Japanese speakers struggle with using definite and indefinite articles and will usually leave them out completely.
Japanese also doesn’t use pronouns very often. This means that Japanese speakers will produce sentences like read book instead of I read a book. You will need to remind your students that in English we need a subject with every sentence and that is often a pronoun.
Japanese also doesn’t have prepositions. While prepositions can be tricky for any learner to get straight (why do we say on the bus but in a car?), if a learner has no experience with them in their language it becomes even more problematic.
Japanese learners will probably confuse adjectives which end in –ed and –ing. As a result they may say I am very exciting! Or That movie was bored. To help your learners, remind them that the –ed ending is used for adjectives which describe people who feel the adjectives, while the –ing ending is used to describe the thing that is causing the feeling.
Of course these are not the only mistakes that your Japanese learners will make, but these are by far the most common. Luckily, now that you know what these mistakes are and you understand why they are mistakes in the first place, you can make sure you plan the appropriate activities to help your Japanese learners speak the best English they can.
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Personal information is no longer needed by ELEARNING FUTURES LTD but needed by you in connection with a legal claim
- In most circumstances, we will securely delete or dispose of personal information when we no longer need it for our legitimate business purposes. Our approach to retention is outlined in our corporate retention schedules.
- However, if the personal information we no longer need would assist you in establishing, exercising or defending a legal claim, you can require us to keep the information for as long as necessary. We may ask you to provide an explanation and any available supporting evidence that a legal claim is ongoing or contemplated.
Right to erasure of personal data (“the right to be forgotten”)
In the following circumstances, you have the right to require that ELEARNING FUTURES LTD securely deletes or destroys your personal information:
- If the personal information we hold about you is no longer necessary for the purposes for which we originally collected it.
- The processing is based on consent – if you have previously given your consent to ELEARNING FUTURES LTD collecting and processing your personal information, and you notify us that you withdraw your consent. Please note: withdrawing your consent does not mean the processing of your personal data which occurred before the withdrawal was unlawful.
- We are processing your personal information for direct marketing purposes, and you want us to stop.
- If you think ELEARNING FUTURES LTD has processed your personal information unlawfully.
If you think any of the above situations apply, we may ask you for an explanation and further information to verify this.
Right to object to processing
You have the right to object to the ELEARNING FUTURES LTD processing your personal data in the following circumstances:
Personal information used for direct marketing
If we are using your personal information to send you direct marketing, you have the right to object at any time. If you exercise this right, we will stop processing your personal information for direct marketing purposes. However, we may keep your information on a “suppression list” to ensure your information is not added to any marketing lists at some point in the future.
Automated decision making and profiling
- ‘Profiling’ is the automated use of personal data held on a computer to analyse or predict things that have a legal effect, or other similarly significant effects, on the individual. Examples would include economic situation, health, personal preferences or interests and location. You have the right not to be subject to a solely automated decision (that is, a decision made electronically, with no human intervention), and this may include profiling (although there is no general right to object to profiling). If you are concerned the ELEARNING FUTURES LTD has made a solely automated decision about you, you can object.
- Please note, ELEARNING FUTURES LTD is allowed to carry out automated decisions with no human intervention where you have given your explicit consent to this processing (although you have the right to withdraw your consent).
- We are also permitted to make automated decisions with no human intervention in the following circumstances:
- The automated decision is necessary to enter into, or perform a contract, or complete a contract involving you and the ELEARNING FUTURES LTD.
- The automated decision is allowed under a law passed at the European Union level, or at the level of the European Union or EEA member state level (i.e., is allowed under national law). The law will provide safeguards to protect your rights and freedoms.
However, you still have a general right to object in both of the above circumstances, providing reasons why you think the processing is having a negative effect on you. If you do object, we will carefully consider your reasons, and decide whether to review the decision-making process in your specific case.
Right to data portability
- If you have provided your information to ELEARNING FUTURES LTD, you have the right to request and receive a copy of that information in a structured, commonly used and machine-readable format.
- You also have the right to ask us to send the information we hold about you to another organisation.
- There are some situations in which the right to data portability does not apply. For further information, please contact us.
Exercising your rights concerning the processing of your personal information
If you wish to exercise any of the above rights concerning the way in which we process your personal information, please contact:
Risk Management Team
ELEARNING FUTURES LTD,
21-22 Old Steine,
Email: [email protected]
Your right to complain to a national data protection regulator (data protection supervisory authority)
- If you think we have processed your personal information unfairly or unlawfully, or we have not complied with your rights under GDPR, you have the right to complain to a national data protection regulator.
- Complaints about how we process your personal information can be considered by the data protection regulator.